1st Edition

Vernacular Heritage and Earthen Architecture




ISBN 9781138000834
Published October 24, 2013 by CRC Press
896 Pages

USD $315.00

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Book Description

In a continuously changing world, there has been a growing interest in the protection of vernacular heritage and earthen architecture. The need to protect and enhance this fragile heritage via intelligent responses to threats from nature and the environment has become evident.

Historically, vernacular heritage research focussed on philosophical aspects and surveys, while earthen architecture studies emphasized earthen material and construction techniques. However, for these particular forms of heritage to survive, academic research had to shift its focus, so as to respond to new challenges. Vernacular Heritage and Earthen Architecture gathers contributions of key international researchers from 50 countries, and covers a wide variety of topics:

• Cultural heritage and building cultures

• Materials and construction techniques

• Territory and environmental adaptation

• Energy effi ciency and sustainable design

• Natural hazards and risk mitigation

• Education and research focus

Vernacular Heritage & Earthen Architecture: Contributions for Sustainable Development discusses the threats that vernacular and earthen heritage are facing, and refl ects on their important contribution to sustainable development. The book will prove to be a valuable source of information for academics, researchers and professionals in the fi elds of vernacular heritage, conservation, architecture, civil engineering and construction, and can be used as a reference text for undergraduate and post-graduate courses in vernacular heritage and earthen architecture.

Table of Contents

Preface
Opening remarks
Organisation and committees
Conference support
Foreword Gisle Jakhelln
Foreword John Hurd
Foreword Hubert Guillaud
Foreword Mariana Correia

Keynote speakers

‘Built to meet Needs’: Paul Oliver and the study of vernacular architecture
M. Vellinga

Cultural values of earthen architecture for sustainable development
H. Guillaud


Theme 1 Cultural heritage and building cultures

Vernacular earthen granaries in Mexico
L. Guerrero

Givaer Island, on the artic coast of Norway—a multifaceted economy surviving on heritage skills
G. Jakhelln

Historic daubed corner-timbered constructions in Czech Republic
Z. Syrová & J. Syrový

The Oga’i of the Mbya Guaraní people in Paraguay: Alternatives for indigenous habitat
S.R. Cabrera & E.G. Nessi

Vernacular houses of Lesvos, Greece: Typology and construction technology
P. Jerome

Building on piles
M. Lewis

Carrasqueira—fishing harbour on stilts, hut village in Portugal
F. Jorge & P. Bruno

Working and living: The fishermen and their settlements in Alagoas, Brazil
M.A. da Silva & L.M. Cerqueira

An example of vernacular architecture in Central Anatolia: The mut houses
B. Çelebioğlu & U. Yergün

The Sami Goahti, an earthen house in the Arctic
R. Sjølie

Researching the traditional building culture of Costa da Lagoa, Santa Catarina, Brazil
I. Kanan

Vernacular architecture in Cuba
D.M. Taboada Espiniella

African-Brazilian architecture in Benin: Rescue and revaluation of traditional techniques
A. Mascarenhas & R.K. Gbénahou

“Sino-Portuguese”: The significance of the Shophouse definition in Southern peninsula, Thailand
N. Chansen

Minka—Japanese immigrant houses in Ribeira Valley, São Paulo, Brazil
A. Hijioka, B. Joaquim & A. Ino

(Re) using adobe—from survey to conservation, from restoration to new construction
V. Mestre

Adobe architecture in Portugal: Differences and analogies between vernacular and ‘designed’ architecture
M. Fernandes

Vernacular rammed earth building typologies in the ancient reign of Seville, Spain
J. Canivell, R. Rodríguez García, A.M. González Serrano & A. Romero Girón

Geographical cataloguing of earthen architecture in Soria, Spain
I.J. Gil Crespo

Contribution to the knowledge of rammed earth houses in Vidigueira, Portugal
N. Fialho

Rural rammed earth houses in Baixo Alentejo, Portugal: Ruin or heritage?
C.S. Pereira

Constructions with terróns in Alta Limia, Galicia: A lost sustainable architecture
A. Fernández Palicio

Vernacular technology in Brazil: Transformation and preservation
M.A.P. Rezende, J.L.R. Leite & F.M.P. Cardoso

Traditional and contemporary constructive cultures: A comparison between building processes
T. Ferreira

Evaluation of planning systems in earthen heritage conservation
M. Correia & N. Walliman

Intangible values of building culture in vernacular architecture
Ö. Karakul

Cultural heritage management and ownership regime in Island of Mozambique
A.T. Silva, R. Derks, A.P. Roders & J. Hougaard

Diagnosis methodology for restoration of Brazilian 18th century buildings
F.M. Tavares & M.T.G. Barbosa

Restoring rural houses in Estonia
J. Metslang

Conservation of architectural heritage in Saudi Arabia: The case study of Jawatha Mosque
M.S. Zami

Conservation problems and recommendations on architectural heritage of Kastamonu Hanö nu, Turkey
K. Güler, Z.C. Keçici, A. Acaralıoğlu & Y. Saluk

Manuals for the recovery of historical centers of Sardinia, Italy
S. Carrucciu

Propaganda, improvements and colonisation: The Estado Novo and the vernacular heritage
V. Ribeiro, J. Aguiar & M. Reimão Costa

Two contests (1907, 2009) for the design of model, vernacular houses for health resort Lądek Zdrój, Poland
E. Trocka-Leszczyńska & A. Tomaszewicz

Changing trade—the Modernist vernacular as idiom in South Africa
D. Whelan

The city vernacular in South Africa
Z.G. Wessels & G. Bosman

Contemporary vernacular as a diffusion of an innovation process
J.A. Al-Qawasmi

Continuity and change of Thai vernacular building tradition in Thailand
P. Nimsamer & N. Walliman

Appropriate moderness and the popular pattern of the “Indiana” architecture
A. Lima

The effects of socio-economic change on vernacular architecture
B. Cantimur

Harmonic Diachrony: Current use of traditional techniques in rehabilitation projects
M. Alcindor & O. Roselló

Küreken 2013: Designing a new village with rammed earth construction in Eastern Anatolia, Turkey
B. Çiçek

Mértola, museology and earthen architecture in Portugal
R. Melo da Rosa

Contemporary earthen architecture in the south west of Portugal, meanings of a heritage
S.T. Sequeira


Theme 2 Materials and constructive techniques

A preliminary study on the construction systems of house types in Timor-Leste (East Timor)
Y.R. Chen, C.P. Pan, Y.L. Lim, M.Y. Ng & W.W. Huang

A report of turf ridge (shibamune) in Japanese thatched folk houses
S. Ono & Y. Yamada

Construction techniques of the vernacular architecture of the Eastern Black Sea Region
K. Güler & A.C. Bilge

Cob in Spain
C. Mileto, F. Vegas López-Manzanares, V. Cristini & L. García Soriano

Traditional materials and construction techniques in the rural settlement Baspinar, Turkey
M. Efeoğlu & A. Çiftçi

Living with bamboo and plant leaves: Thailand’s last community of traditional bamboo huts
V. Vacharasin

Stone constructions in corbelling
B. Juvanec

Architectural heritage of the north eastern Portugal: History, construction and valorisation
L. Martins, G. Vasconcelos & P.B. Lourenço

An example of vernacular architecture: Traditional houses of Adana, Turkey
N. Umar, C. Karbeyaz & Ö.O. Polat

Architectural morphology and construction techniques of traditional Yoran houses, Turkey
U. Yergün, C.I. Gençer, B. Çelebioğlu & A. Çiftçi

Typological research on traditional community house of the Katu ethnic minority in Vietnam
P.H. Truong, H. Kobayashi & T.N. Nguyen

The vernacular house between the Cá vado and the Ave, Portugal
C.E. Barroso, D.V. Oliveira, L.F. Ramos & P.B. Lourenço

Body-based units of measurement for building Katu community houses in Central Vietnam
H. Kobayashi & T.N. Nguyen

Rammed earth walls in the late middle age castles in the actual province of Soria, Spain
I.J. Gil Crespo

Timber roof structures of centenary earthen buildings—case studies
A. Tavares, A. Costa & H. Varum

The importance of knowledge on the vernacular heritage preservation
A. Costa, D. Silveira, A. Tavares, H. Varum, C. Almeida & A. Arêde

Recycling of bricks in rammed earth walls
V. Cristini, C. Mileto, F. Vegas López-Manzanares & J.R. Ruíz Checa

Gypsum as reinforcement for floors: Conceptual approach
F. Vegas López-Manzanares, C. Mileto, V. Cristini, J.R. Ruíz Checa & V. La Spina

Adequacy of mortars for adobe building renders
A. Velosa & H. Varum

Use of plasters containing straw in vernacular architecture
M. Golež & A. Mauko

Evaluation of air lime and clayish earth mortars for earthen wall renders
P. Faria, V. Silva, N. Jamú, I. Dias & M.I. Gomes

Cattail-reinforced clay plasters in building heritage preservation and new constructions
G.P. Georgiev, W. Theuerkorn, M. Krus & R. Kilian

Strategies to improve earth building durability
R. Eires, A. Camões & M. Ponte

Lime and colour technologies in the vernacular architecture of the Algarve, Portugal
M. Santos, J. Pernão, J. Aguiar & M. Reimão Costa


Theme 3 Territory and environmental adaptation

Understanding landscape and the values of traditional architecture and construction
F. Vela Cossío & I. Salto-Weis Azevedo

Good practice for the conservation of urban settlements, vernacular architecture and surrounding landscapes
R. Eppich, J.C. Espada, C. Cruz & A. Kulmer

Watermills and traditional landscape in the hills of the Algarve, Portugal
M. Barão, T. Valente & M. Reimão Costa

Watermills and weirs from the Ave River: An inter-municipal heritage value in Portugal
R.B. Matos

The Pesqueiras of Minho River—a vernacular heritage to preserve
F. Pacheco, A. Fernandes, X. Ollero & C. Antunes

Apiary-walls and pitfall-traps in Portugal: Archaic constructions for wild animals
J.C. Caninas, F. Henriques & F. Álvares

Brandas and Inverneiras of Castro Laboreiro, Portugal—a settlement model in a high mountain territory
G. Sousa & R. Correia

Vernacular settlements in Serra da Peneda, Portugal: The case of Rouças and Gavieira
A.F. Gomes

Architecture(s) in Serra da Peneda, Portugal: An approach to settlements on the territory
F.C. Barros

Dry stone buildings in Sicily, Italy: An environmental and territorial resource
L. Dipasquale, V. Megna & R. Prescia

Underground dwellings in the Tajuña valley, Madrid, Spain and their bioclimatic adaptation
M.M. Barbero Barrera, I.J. Gil Crespo, L. Maldonado Ramos & J. de Cárdenas y Chávarri

Bioclimatic comparative analysis in vernacular architecture: Two Sardinia examples
L.G.F. Cannas & G. Desogus

Archaeological and vernacular heritage coexistence in rural areas: Didyma, Turkey
E.O. Polat, E.H. Aslan & B.C. Çetin

Cacela revisited: A brief study of the architecture and landscape of Algarve, Portugal
M. Reimão Costa & D. Batista

Relating religious and vernacular architecture: Convent of Santo António, a case study in Portugal
A. Rodrigues & A.P. Roders

The melting vernacular architecture in Maramureş, Romania
L. Zaharia

The unrecognized bedouin villages—internal spatial order as a basis for development
Y. Manor-Rosner, Y. Rofè & S. Abu-Rabia-Queder

Vernacular architecture in Oman: A case study of transition from wood to cement
S. Abdulac

From universal to local: Challenges of safeguarding the vernacular architecture in Turkey
T.G. Köksal, D. İkiz & B.S. Coşkun

The patio house in Morocco: A sustainable design strategy
B. Aguilar, L. Dipasquale & S. Mecca

Urban heritage in Setúbal’s domestic architecture, Portugal
I.S. Macedo

Vernacular architecture within the urban Master Plan of Maia, Portugal
A.T. Ribeiro, L.F. Loureiro, L. Lousan, R.T. Menezes & S. Aveiro

Saving Cumalıkızık for the future: Cultural heritage in Turkey
A.Z. Ahunbay, T. Ayrancılar, A. Polat & A. Uray

Common cultural heritage in two Ottoman ports: Smyrna and Salonica
C.I. Gençer


Theme 4 Energy efficiency and sustainable design

Study for the rehabilitation of vernacular architecture with sustainable criteria
I. Costa Carrapiço & J. Neila-González

The microclimatic design of Southern Sardinian loggias in Italy
M. Achenza, G. Chiri & I. Giovagnorio

Assessing energetic self-sufficiency and low environmental impact in Pontes, Portugal
I. Cabral, G. Machado & A. Coelho

Energy efficient design strategies for contemporary vernacular buildings in Egypt
M. Dabaieh

Responding to extreme climatic conditions through Shovadan architecture, in Dezful, Iran
Z. Hosseini & R. Vatankhah

Efforts to resurrect and adapt earth building and passive solar techniques in Ladakh, India
N. Joshi

Vernacular principles towards eco-efficiency: A case study in Santiago do Cacém, Portugal
M. Sampaio & B. Marques

The potential of vernacular materials to the sustainable building design
J. Fernandes, R. Mateus & L. Bragança

Evaluation of sustainable design elements in the historic centre of Nicosia, Cyprus
M. Philokyprou, A. Michael, S. Thravalou & I. Ioannou

Local potentials for a sustainable heritage management
A.M. Labo & D.F. Paraschiv

The case of village Maće, Republic of Serbia
M. Dragišić & Z. Đorđević

Added value by benchmarking: Comparing existing buildings to demonstrate their potential
N. Silva Brito & M. Gameiro da Silva

Sustainability of vernacular houses in the inner towns of Muğla, Turkey: Architectural typology and its transformation
O.B. Avsar & E.A. Levi


Theme 5 Natural hazards and risk mitigation

Seismic-V: Vernacular seismic culture in Portugal
M. Correia, G. Carlos, S. Rocha, P.B. Lourenço, G. Vasconcelos & H. Varum

The history of New Zealand housing and the performance of different styles in the 2011 Christchurch earthquakes
H. Morris & M. Worth

Japanese Dozo-structured buildings damaged by the 2011 Tohoku’s Earthquake
Y. Yamada, B.S. Hirata & S. Ono

Improvement of vernacular housing for disaster prone areas in Bangladesh: A six year experience
O. Moles, M.S. Islam, T.R. Hossain & R.K. Podder

Seismic risk mitigation of Lorca historic centre masonry residential buildings, in Spain
A. Guardiola-Víllora & L. Basset-Salom

Vulnerability assessment of churches under earthquake hazard
E. Paupério, X. Romão, A. Arêde & A. Costa

Learning from vernacular building practices: A starting point for risk mitigation
A. Caimi & M. Hofmann

A vernacular architectonic tradition hidden behind facades: Concepción’s case in Chile
H. Capellà Miternique

Vernacular heritage seismic risk management—ongoing educational project
J. Vargas Neumann, S. Rodríguez-Larraín, T. Montoya Robles & S. Onnis

Runner beams as a building element of masonry walls in Eastern Anatolia, Turkey
Z. Inan

Experimental investigation on the repair of rammed earth by means of injection of mud grouts
R.A. Silva, D.V. Oliveira, P.B. Lourenço, L. Schueremans & T. Miranda

Contemporary installations with timber from disaster reconstructions
M.B. Dan & D. Mendes


Theme 6 Education and new research focus

The DSA-earthen architecture: A tool to convey the lessons of vernacular architecture
B. Rakotomamonjy, S. Moriset, D. Gandreau & H. Guillaud

Five years working with the youth: Re-evaluation of earthen heritage in the Western Himalayas
M. Oeter & A. Skedzuhn

Addressing Southeast Asian vernacular architecture studies in the changing environment
R. Oranratmanee

Vernacular architecture as part of the education of building design
V. Von Gaudecker & L. Koch

Exposing architecture students to vernacular concepts
J.H. Nel & G. Bosman

Using old farm buildings for transmitting vernacular traditions in Ireland
A. Meenan & C. Murray

Reading vernacular heritage: The case of Sino-French joint workshop of Liang Cun, China
Y. Shao

Workshop for theoretical and practical conservation of vernacular architecture in Greece
N.A. Lianos

Promoting vernacular architecture as a central topic in academic research and education in Mexico
R. Pennacchio & R. Nicchia

Earthen architecture, culture of transition and self-construction
P. Costa

Contribution of the audio-visual heritage for the dissemination of the vernacular architecture
J. Marques

Digital tectonic: Rethinking building with earth in architecture
B. Varela, A. Paio & V. Rato

Managing data on construction techniques and damage using digital media
X. Romão, E. Paupério & A. Costa

Austronesian houses analyses trough the WDRS-Database
W.W. Huang, A. Fujii, M.H. Wang & Y.R. Chen

Three-dimensional reconstitution of an ex-place: The submerged Vilarinho da Furna, Portugal
D.A. Carvalho, L.M. Mateus & V.M. Ferreira

VerSus: Vernacular heritage contribution to sustainable architecture
M. Correia, G. Carlos, J. Merten, D. Viana & S. Rocha

Preserving vernacular architecture through community intervention and volunteer programmes
J.D. Badillo

Vernacular living as a model for innovation and sustainability: The wood furniture of Minho region
D. Alves, L.P. Pacheco, J. Vicente & G. Sousa

Research in vernacular architecture in Mexico
G. Torres Zárate

Which are the keys for earth building reintroduction in Spanish building system?
A. Castellarnau Visús

Social and human aspects in the use of vernacular knowledge
N. Rey Cuellar

Author index

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