How has the recession impacted on firms, people and places? How have local and regional authorities responded? This book aims to answer these questions by offering an overview of the impacts of the recession on people and places and how it has affected local authorities in the UK and other OECD countries. Being ‘close to the ground’, local authorities are usually at the forefront of dealing with the impacts of recession on people and places. During recessions, they face important challenges: on the one hand they have to cope with increasing demand for services and on the other hand they may face a decrease in their income due to the slowdown in the economy. And with the shift from local government to local governance in the last 10 years, they also have an increasing role in terms of coordinating various organisations in the delivery of local services.
This book begins by looking at the potential impacts of downturns and economic shocks on firms, workers, communities and places, both in the short and long term (Part I). Part II then looks at interventions and responses that local authorities can put in place on their own or in partnership with other local, regional and/or national actors to try to deal with these differential impacts. Building on these insights, part III offers international perspectives, outlining the role of local authorities during the recession in France, Canada and Australia. These examples and cases highlight some key variations in the availability of resources at the local level across countries and shed light on the way particular economic situations and governance contexts influence local authorities’ responses. This section also includes work by the OECD LEED Programme which surveys cities worldwide and which looks at the application of the ‘Barcelona Principles’.
Overall, the volume makes a fresh contribution to understanding local economic development and governance by providing a unique perspective and original data on the way local authorities have dealt with the recent economic shock across countries. Looking ahead, the book also raises some important issues in relation to local and regional governance and policies to foster long term, sustainable economic recovery. This edited volume will be accessible to and suitable for students and researchers studying economic change, the recession, planning, public policy and industrial policy interventions, and political science.
Table of Contents
1. The Recession and Beyond: Local and Regional Responses to the Downturn David Bailey and Caroline Chapain Part 1: The Recession and its Local and Regional Impacts in the UK 2. The Spatial Impacts of the Recession Naomi Clayton 3. The Impact of the Recession on Businesses Nigel Berkeley, David Jarvis and Jason Begley 4. The Impacts of the Recession on Workers and Communities Caroline Chapain 5. Impacts of The Recession on Local Authorities Caroline Chapain and Craig Renney Part 2: Local and Regional Responses in Context in England 6. A Framework for Analysing local Authorities’ Responses to the Recession Caroline Chapain, David Bailey and Alex Burfitt 7. Local and Regional Responses to Recession in Context: Setting the Scene in the UK David Bailey, Chris Collinge and Andrew Coulson 8. Local Authorities Working in Partnerships: Panacea or False Dawn? Andrew Coulson and Martin Willis 9. Support for Business Nigel Berkeley, David Jarvis and David Bailey 10. Support for Workers and Communities Gill Bentley and Caroline Chapain 11. Fighting Unemployment, Local Authorities, the Third Sector and Value-for-Money in the UK Robert Dalziel 12. Withstanding the Cuts: How Local Authorities Continue to Prevent Crime in Times of Recession and Government Cuts Eileen Dunstan 13. The Importance of Place Heike Doering Part 3: Local and Regional Responses: International Perspectives 14. Recession, Recovery and Reinvestment. The Role of Local Economic Leadership in a Global Crisis: The Barcelona Principles in Practice Greg Clark and Joe Huxley 15. A French Région in Crisis: The Response of Local Authorities to the Recession in the Région Midi-Pyrénées in France Denis Eckert, Fabrice Escaffre and Josselin Tallec 16. Impact of the Global Economic Downturn on Municipalities in Canada Eric Champagne 17. Local Government and Economic Shock Within a Federal System: The Australian Case Andrew Beer
David Bailey is Professor of International Business and Economic Development at Coventry University Business School, UK.
Caroline Chapain is a Lecturer at the Centre for Urban and Regional Studies at the Birmingham Business School, UK.
"In the context of economic crisis and state austerity, this collection makes a telling contribution to our understanding of the potential and pitfalls of local institutional agency. Drawing together the work of key voices, the international reach and practical engagement here will prove of enduring value for policy learning and collective action." – Andy Pike, Newcastle University, UK
"The recent UK recession was not only severe but different to any of the others of the past few decades and as such merits detailed analysis of its causes, symptoms and remedies. This book is therefore a timely contribution to the debate about what interventions are merited to support local economies, demonstrating just how effective certain interventions can be." – Keith Burge, Institute of Economic Development, UK