The Fifth Crusade represented a cardinal event in early thirteenth-century history, occurring during what was probably the most intensive period of crusading in both Europe and the Holy Land. Following the controversial outcome of the Fourth Crusade in 1204, and the decrees of the Fourth Lateran Council in 1215, Pope Innocent III's reform agenda was set to give momentum to a new crusading effort. Despite the untimely death of Innocent III in 1216, the elaborate organisation and firm crusading framework made it possible for Pope Honorius III to launch and oversee the expedition. The Fifth Crusade marked the last time that a medieval pope would succeed in mounting a full-scale, genuinely international crusade for the recovery of the Holy Land, yet, despite its significance, it has largely been neglected in the historiography. The crusade was much more than just a military campaign, and the present book locates it in the contemporary context for the first time. The Fifth Crusade in Context is of crucial importance not only to better understand the organization and execution of the expedition itself, but also to appreciate its place in the longer history of crusading, as well as the significance of its impact on the medieval world.
Table of Contents
List of Maps, Figures, Tables
List of Contributors
Foreword (Bernard Hamilton)
List of Abbreviations
- The Historiography of the Fifth Crusade
- The Role of Pope Honorius III in the Fifth Crusade
- « Totius populi Christiani negotium » : The Crusading Conception of Pope Honorius III, 1216–1221
- From King John of Jerusalem to the Emperor-elect Frederick II: a Neglected Letter from the Fifth Crusade
- The Impact of Prester John on the Fifth Crusade
- The Fifth Crusade and the Conversion of the Muslims
- Crusade and Reform: The Sermons of Bibliothèque Nationale, nouv. acq. lat. 999
- The Place of Egypt in the Military Strategy of the Crusades, 1099-1221
- The Indigenous Christians of Ayyubid Egypt at the Time of the Fifth Crusade
- Pilgrimage, the Holy Land and the Fifth Crusade
- Ernoul, Eracles and the Fifth Crusade
- « Rome, vos estes refroidie d’aidier la terre de Surie »: Originality and Reception of Huon of Saint-Quentin’s
PART 1: PAPAL AND IMPERIAL INFLUENCE
Thomas W. Smith
PART 2: PREACHING AND PROPAGANDA
PART 3: EGYPT AND THE HOLY LAND
Alan V. Murray
Kenneth Scott Parker
E. J. Mylod
PART 4: TEXTUAL TRADITIONS
E. J. Mylod earned her PhD from the Institute for Medieval Studies, University of Leeds in 2014.
Guy Perry is Lecturer in Medieval History at the University of Leeds.
Thomas W. Smith is Assistant Professor in Medieval History at Trinity College, Dublin.
Jan Vandeburie is currently a Leverhulme Abroad postdoctoral fellow at the Università degli Studi Roma Tre in Rome.