Rome and Judaea explores the nature of Judaea’s first diplomatic mission to Rome during the Maccabean revolt: did it result in a sanctioned treaty or was it founded instead on amity? This book breaks new ground in this debate by bringing to light the "Roman-Jewish Friendship tablet," a newly discovered piece of evidence that challenges the theory Rome ratified an official treaty with Judaea. Incorporating interdisciplinary research and this new textual evidence, the book argues that Roman-Jewish relations during the Maccabean revolt were motivated by the Roman concept of diplomatic friendship, or amicitia.
Table of Contents
Chapter 1: New Evidence: The Roman-Jewish Friendship Tablet
Chapter 2: The Timing of the Embassy
Chapter 3: Early Roman Ties of International Friendship with Hellenistic Powers
Chapter 4: Roman International Friendship
Chapter 5: The Treaty Hypothesis Revisited
Chapter 6: The Outcome of the Embassy
Chapter 7: Epilogue: From Jonathan to John Hyrcanus I
Linda Zollschan is an independent research professional based in Israel. She obtained her PhD from Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beersheva, Israel.