The long war with Revolutionary France had a fundamental impact on British political culture. The most dramatic example of this is the mass mobilisation of the British people in response to French invasion threats throughout the last years of the century but, most spectacularly, in the period 1803-5, after the collapse of the Peace of Amiens, and the massing of an invasion fleet by Napoleon. The preparations for the threatened invasion had many dimensions including military and naval mobilization, the development of defensive earthworks and fortifications on the British Coast, the surveillance and monitoring of radicals identified with the French cause, the incitement of loyalist sentiment through caricature, newspapers, tracts and broadsides, and loyalist songs, and the construction of Napoleon as the prime enemy of British interests. Although aspects of these issues have been studied, this book is the first time that they have been brought together systematically. By bringing together historians of Britain and France to examine the dynamics of the military conflict between the two nations in this period, this book measures its impact on their domestic political cultures, and its effect on their perceptions of each other. In so doing it will encourage scholars to further examine aspects of popular mobilisation which have hitherto been largely ignored, such as the resurgence of loyalism in 1803, and to see their contributions in the light of the dual contexts of domestic political conflict and their war with each other. By allowing scholars to focus their attention on this period of heightened tension, the book contributes both new detail to our understanding of the period and a better overall understanding of the complex place which each nation came to occupy in the consciousness of the other.
Table of Contents
Contents: Introduction: The British response to the threat of invasion, 1797-1815, Mark Philp; A tale of two conflicts: critiques of the British war effort, 1793-1815, Philip Harling; The sea fencibles, loyalism, and the reach of the state, Nicholas Rogers; The defence of Manchester and Liverpool in 1803: conflicts of loyalism, patriotism and the middle classes, Katrina Navickas; 'An insurrection of loyalty': the London volunteer regiments' response to the invasion threat, Jon Newman; In defence of Great Britain: Henry Addington, the Duke of York and military preparations against invasion by Napoleonic France, 1803-04, Charles John Fedorak; 'This soldierlike danger': the trial of William Blake for sedition, Jon Mee and Mark Crosby; John Bull in a dream: fear and fantasy in the visual satires of 1803, Alexandra Franklin; Britain and the black legend: the genesis of the anti-Napoleonic myth, Simon Burrows; 'The cheap defence of nations': monuments and propaganda, Holger Hoock; Music and politics, 1793-1815: section 1: introduction, Mark Philp; Section 2: the Volunteer Band, Newcastle Upon Tyne, Roz Southey; Section 3: 'you heroes of the day': ephemeral verse responses to the Peace of Amiens and the Napoleonic Wars, 1802-04, Caroline Jackson-Houlston; Section 4: 'thus we kept away Bonaparte': music in Oxford at the time of the Napoleonic Wars, Susan Wollenberg; Anti-English discourse among the authorities: myths and realities in the northern départements, Annie Crépin and Vincent Cuvilliers; 'An inundation from our shores': travelling across the Channel around the Peace of Amiens, Renaud Morieux; Index.
Mark Philp is based at the Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Oxford, UK.
'... an excellent collection of 12 academic essays ... every essay is eminently readable, enjoyable and informative, even for those who have only a basic knowledge of the time...' The Tribune '... this collection provides a fantastic introduction to the sheer scale of the topic.' Journal for Maritime Research '... this is a useful addition to the literature on British patriotism during the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic wars...' British Journal of Eighteenth-Century Studies ’An important book for anyone interested in Britain and the 'French Wars'.’ The Nymas Review ’Mark Philp is to be commended for bringing together the work of so many fine scholars in one volume.’ Journal of British Studies