The international trade negotiations that were launched throughout Latin America in the 1990s created significant challenges for developing countries because of their complexity. In order to make informed decisions and successfully legitimize negotiating positions, governments and stakeholders required research, evidence and data from knowledgeable sources such as local technicians and academics.
This book provides empirical-based analyses on the role of this research in the policymaking process. Each case study is based on primary fieldwork - either at the national or sectoral level - which was guided by the following overarching questions: Who are the main actors producing useful research for trade policymakers? Who are the main financial supporters of such work? What use do policymakers give to research? The volume offers a deep analysis of the nexus and interactions between the academic and public spheres, among researchers and decision-makers. Contributors also address the main obstacles for creating a virtuous circle between research and decision-making as they examine the links between the research centers, think tanks and international organizations who produced the information and the Latin American governments who used it.
Table of Contents
List of Abbreviations. Preface I Federico Burone Preface II Ricardo Carciofi. Acknowledgments. Introduction: The Impact of Knowledge on Trade Policy-Making Mercedes Botto 1. The Research Challenge in the Context of Permanent Negotiations Diana Tussie with Pablo Heidrich 2. The Role of Academia in Regional Governance Deisy Ventura 3. Think Tanks in External Trade Negotiations. Do They Advise, Mediate or Legitimate Interests? A Comparative Analysis of the Southern Cone
Mercedes Botto 4. Mexican Academia and the Formulation and Implementation of Trade Policy in Mexico Blanca Torres 5. The Management of Knowledge in Trade Policy: The Case of Uruguay Cristina Zurbriggen 6. The Influence of Academia on Mercosur’s Tariff Policy Mercedes Botto and Cintia Quiliconi 7. The Impact of Academia on the Negotiations on Health and Education Services in Argentina: Challenges and Opportunities Mercedes Botto and Juliana Peixoto Batista. Contributors. Index.
Mercedes Botto obtained her PhD in Political and Social Sciences at the European University Institute in 1999. She is currently a member of the National Council of Technological and Scientific Research (CONICET), and coordinator-senior researcher at the Research Programme on International Economic Institutions (PIEI) at FLACSO-Argentina. She teaches undergraduate and graduate courses at the University of Buenos Aires. In addition, she has worked as a consultant for the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Argentina, the Mercosur Secretariat, and several civil society organization.