This volume examines and evaluates the impact of international statebuilding interventions on the political economy of post-conflict countries over the past 20 years.
While statebuilding today is typically discussed in the context of ‘peacebuilding’ and ‘stabilisation’ operations, the current phase of interest in external interventions to (re)build and strengthen governmental institutions can be traced back to the ‘good governance’ policies of the International Financial Institutions (IFIs) in the early 1990s. These sought political changes and improvements in the quality of governance in countries that were subject to, or were seeking support under, IFI-designed structural adjustment programmes.
The focus of this book is specifically on state-building efforts in conflict-affected countries: countries that are emerging, or have recently emerged, from periods of war and violent conflict. The interventions covered in the present volume fall into three broad and overlapping categories:
- International administrations and transformative occupations (East Timor, Iraq, and Kosovo);
- Complex peace operations (Afghanistan, Burundi, Haiti, and Sudan);
- Governance and state-building programmes conducted in the context of economic assistance (Georgia and Macedonia).
This book will be of much interest to students of statebuilding, humanitarian intervention, post-conflict reconstruction, political economy, international organisations and IR/Security Studies in general.
Table of Contents
1. Power after Peace, Mats Berdal and Dominik Zaum 2. State-building and the Limits of Constitutional Design, Oisín Tansey 3. Elections and Post-Conflict Political Development, Benjamin Reilly 4. Transition from War to Peace: Stratification, Inequality and Post-War Economic Reconstruction, Stina Torjesen 5. Private and Public Interests – Informal Actors, Informal Influence, and Economic Order after War, Christine Cheng 6. State-building and Corruption: A Political Economy Perspective, Michael Pugh 7. State-building and the Political Economy of the Extractive Industries in Post-Conflict States, Thorsten Benner and Ricardo Soares de Oliveira 8. The United Nations and International State-building after the Cold War, Mats Berdal and Hannah Davies 9. The IFIs and Post-Conflict Political Economy, Susan L. Woodward 10. Regional Approaches to State-building I: The European Union, Othon Anastasakis, Richard Caplan and Spyros Economides 11. Regional Approaches to State-building II: The Case of the African Union and ECOWAS, Kwesi Aning and Naila Salihu 12. Back to the Future: The Failure to Reform the Post-war Political Economy of Iraq, Toby Dodge 13. Building a State and ‘State-building’: East Timor and the UN, 1999-2012, Anthony Goldstone 14. The Political Economy of State-building in Kosovo, Dominik Zaum with Verena Knaus 15. From New Dawn to Quicksand - the Political Economy of State-building in Afghanistan, Antonio Giustozzi and Niamatullah Ibrahimi 16. The Political Economy of State-building in Burundi, Peter Uvin and Leanne Bayer 17. The Political Economy of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement in Sudan, Atta El-Battahani and Peter Woodward 18. The Political Economy of State-building in Haiti: Informal Resistance to Security-First State-building, Robert Muggah 19. Georgia and the Political Economy of State-building, S. Neil MacFarlane 20. How the EU and the US Stopped a War and Nobody Noticed: The Containment of the Macedonian Conflict and EU Soft Power, Kristof Bender
Mats Berdal is Professor of Security and Development in the Department of War Studies at King's College London. He is Visiting Professor at The Norwegian Defence Command and Staff College and a Consulting Senior Fellow at the IISS, and author/editor of several books.
Dominik Zaum is Professor of Governance, Conflict and Security at the University of Reading, and a Senior Research Fellow in Conflict and Fragility at the UK Department for International Development (DFID). He is author of several books on peace- and statebuilding.