Adventure and outdoor sports - from rock climbing to freestyle kayaking – are a modern social phenomenon that can tell us much about the relationship between sport, culture and contemporary society. In this engaging new introductory text, adventure sports are used to illustrate key concepts in social theory and to demonstrate why an understanding of social theory is essential for any student taking a course in sport, adventure, or outdoor education.
Each chapter in the book introduces a key ‘classical’ or modern social theorist, including Marx, Durkheim, Weber and Elias, or a universal topic or issue in social theory, such as sustainability, commodification or identity. Within each of those chapters the theorist or topic is brought to life through case studies of adventurous activities and lived experiences, helping the reader to connect their own sporting and adventurous interests with the frameworks we use to understand wider culture and society. Concise and full of cutting-edge contemporary examples, Outdoor Adventure and Social Theory is the perfect companion for any module on the sociology of sport, adventure or outdoor recreation.
Table of Contents
1. Outdoor adventure and social theory – Simon K. Beames and Elizabeth C.J. Pike Section One: Classical Sociological Interpretations of Outdoor Adventure 2. Karl Marx: Alienation and false consciousness in adventurous activities - Carl Cater and Greg Dash 3. Durkheim: Structural functionalism, adventure and the social order – Michael Brown 4. Max Weber: Rationalization and the new realms of the commodity form – Peter Varley Section Two: Modern Social Theorists and Adventure Sports 5. Gramsci: Freestyle Kayaking, Hegemony, Coercion and Consent – Jerry Tracey 6. Norbert Elias: The Quest for Excitement in Parkour - Michael Atkinson 7. Sail Training, Interactionism and the 'Total Institution' - Ken McCulloch 8. Pierre Bourdieu: Habitus, field, and capital in rock climbing - Simon Beames and John Telford 9. Anthony Giddens: Structuration Theory and Mountaineering - Paul Beedie 10. Foucault: Power, surveillance and governmentality in outdoor education - Robyn Zink Section Three: Contemporary Themes in Social Theory and Adventurous Activities 11. Feminist Theory and Outdoor Leadership - Linda Allin and Amanda West 12. Identity Politics in the Outdoor Adventure Environment - Elizabeth C.J. Pike and Johnny Weinstock 13. Globalization, the Market and Outdoor Adventure - Chris Loynes 14. Outdoor adventure in a carbon-light era - Kate Rawles 15. Conclusions on Outdoor Adventure and Social Theory - Elizabeth C.J. Pike and Simon K. Beames
Elizabeth C.J. Pike is Head of Sport Development and Management, Reader in the Sociology of Sport and Exercise and Chair of the Anita White Foundation at the University of Chichester, UK. She co-authored Sports in Society: Issues and Controversies and is the current President of the International Sociology of Sport Association.
Simon Beames is the programme director of the MSc in Outdoor Education at the University of Edinburgh, UK. He is co-author of Learning outside the Classroom and editor of Understanding Educational Expeditions.