Computational design has become widely accepted into mainstream architecture, but this is the first book to advocate applying it to create adaptable masterplans for rapid urban growth, urban heterogeneity, through computational urbanism. Practitioners and researchers here discuss ideas from the fields of architecture, urbanism, the natural sciences, computer science, economics, and mathematics to find solutions for managing urban change in Asia and developing countries throughout the world. Divided into four parts (historical and theoretical background, our current situation, methodologies, and prototypical practices), the book includes a series of essays, interviews, built case studies, and original research to accompany chapters written by editor Tom Verebes to give you the most comprehensive overview of this approach.
Essays by Marina Lathouri, Jorge Fiori, Jonathan Solomon, Patrik Schumacher, Peter Trummer, and David Jason Gerber.
Interviews with Dana Cuff, Xu Wei Guo, Matthew Prior, Tom Barker, Su Yunsheng, and Brett Steele.
Built case studies by Zaha Hadid Architects, James Corner Field Operations, XWG Studio, MAD, OCEAN Consultancy Network, Plasma Studio, Groundlab, Peter Trummer, Serie Architects, dotA, and Rocker-Lange Architects.
Table of Contents
Foreword Mark Burry Preface and Acknowledgements Introduction Part 1: Context: Endurance, Obsolescence and Change: A Theoretical Foundation 1. The City as Cultural and Technological Expression 1.1 Globalisation and Networks 1.2 The Edge of Chaos 1.3 The Associative Logic of Urbanism 2. Project Architectures: The Question of Borders in a Connected World Marina Lathouri 3. Interview with Dana Cuff 4. The New New 4.1 Ancient China and the New 4.2 Urban Europe: A Brief History of its Industrialisation and Planning 4.3 The Paradigm of the New World Instant City 4.4 The Dubai Mirage 5. Informal City: Design as Political Engagement Jorge Fiori 6. Interview with Xu Wei Guo 7. Urbanisation and Erasure
7.1 The Trouble with Speed Freaks 7.2 Ghosts of the Past 7.3 An Ecological Model for Twenty-first Century Urbanism 7.4 The Problem of Functionality, Endurance and Obsolescence 7.5 Time, Change, & Adaptation 8. Public Spheres Jonathan Solomon 9. Interview with Matthew Prior Case Study: James Corner/Field Operations: Qjanhai Masterplan Case Study: Plasma Studio, London, Beijing: Xi'an International Horticultural Expo, Xi'an, China Part 2: Concepts/Paradigms: New Paradigms and Practices in Urbanism 10. The Death of Masterplanning in the Age of Indeterminacy 10.1 Planning and/or Emergence 10.2 Teleological Fallacies of the Master-planner 10.3 Principles of Uncertainty: Planning after the Global Financial Crisis 10.4 Complex Systems, Equilibrium & Emergence 10.5 Parametric Patterns and Models of Evolutionary Urbanism 11. Free Market Urbanism: Urbanism Beyond Planning Patrik Schumacher 12. Interview with Tom Barker Case Study: Zaha Hadid Architects: One North Masterplan, Singapore, 2001-TBC Case Study: Ocean CN, Urban China Study, 2009 Case Study: Shanghai Tongji Urban Planning and Design Institute, dotA, Kaili Ethnic Cultural Compound, Kaili, Guizhou, China Part 3: Methodologies: Tools and Moving Targets 13. A New Toolbox for Adaptable Masterplanning 13.1 Models and Information 13.2 Parameter Space, Solution Space, Urban Space 13.3 Simulation and Gaming Environments as Management Systems 14. Morphogenetic Urbanism: Towards a Materialist Approach to Masterplanning Peter Trummer Case Study: Ocean CN, Parametric Pearl River Delta, 2010 Case Study: Ocean CN, Serial Systems: Hong Kong Typology Transformations and Density Studies Case Study: Rocker Lange Architects, Hong Kong, Boston: Density and Openess Revisited: Recoding Building Bulk in Hong Kong 15. Computational Urbanism 15.1 The Evolution of Computational Methodologies 15.2 Automation, Optioneering, and Optimisation 15.3 Parametric Urbanism 16. Parametric Urbanism Redux: Urban Design and Complexity in an Age of Infinite Computing David Jason Gerber 17. Interview with Su Yunsheng Case Study: dotA and OCEAN CN: 4D City Masterplan, Yan Jiao Hua Run City, Hebei Province, China Case Study: Group8 Architects and Kaisersrot, Geneva, Switzerland: Mica Urban Zone, Geneva Case Study: Peter Trummer, Berlag Institute: Aspern Masterplan, Vienna Case Study: Hong Kong University Research Work: Endurance and Obsolescence: Case Studies of Adaptable Masterplanning Part 4: Projections: Prototyping Multiple Futures 18. Endurance, Obsolescence and the Adaptive City 18.1 New Prototypical Practices 18.2 Topological Variants and Topological Transformations 18.3 Icons and Innovations 18.4 Control, Resilience and Change Built Case Studies: Groundlab, London, Beijing: Longgang Masterplan, Shenzhen, China; Serie Architects, London, Mumbai, Beijing: Xintiandi Factory H, Hangzhou, China; XWG Studio, Beijing: Phoenix Shopping Complex, Beijing; MAD Beijing, Tokyo: Ordos Museum, Ordos, China; DotA, HKPDA, OCEAN CN: Liantang / Heung Yuen Wai Boundary Control Point Passenger Terminal Building, Hong Kong SAR/Shenzhen, China; The University of Hong Kong Research Team: Counterpart Cities: FUTUREPORT, Hong Kong SAR, Shenzhen 19. Interview with Brett Steele Conclusion Notes Bibliography Image Credits Index