This volume examines the ways in which bordering practices influence the everyday lives of racialized parents in the changing welfare states of Finland, Denmark, Norway, and Sweden. Focusing on the need to negotiate, adjust, and reconcile family life, parenthood and parenting practices in the face of national, material, ideological, cultural, religious, and moral borders, it considers the manner in which these processes are complicated by recent changes in the legitimation of Nordic welfare states. The case studies centre on migrant, refugee, and asylum seeker parents, as well as parents of the indigenous Sámi communities. The book considers the ways in which the welfare state and its services construct borders of respectable parenthood, and examines the efforts on the part of racialized parents to negotiate such borders and organize their transnational everyday lives. Uncovering possibilities and obstacles that exist for families seeking to enact citizenship in the Nordic welfare states, Family Life in Transition will appeal to social scientists with interests in the sociology of the family, children, parenting, and the welfare state.
Table of Contents
1. Introduction: The Changing Welfare State
Kati Turtiainen, Johanna Hiitola, Sabine Gruber, and Marja Tiilikainen
2. Decoupling Spheres of Belonging in the Nordic Welfare States
Part 1: Welfare State and Services
3. Guiding Migrant Parents in Nordic Welfare States – Cases from Norway and Sweden
Beret Bråten, Kristina Gustafsson, and Silje Sønsterudbråten
4. Urban Sámi Families in Finland – Crossing Borders with Languages
5. Migrant Families, Integration, and Borders in the Swedish Foster Care Service
6. Lithuanian Families in Norway and their Fear of the Child Protection Agency
Marit Aure and Darius Daukšas
7. Representations of Mothering of Migrant Finns
Minna Zechner and Tiina Tiilikka
Part 2: Transnational Families
8. Transnational Commuting of Estonian Men in Two Generations
9. The Role of Trust and Reciprocity in Transnational Care Towards Children
Charlotte Melander, Oksana Shmulyar Gréen, and Ingrid Höjer
10. Everyday Transnational Russian–Finnish Family Relations in a Finnish Rural Border Area
Olga Davydova-Minguet and Pirjo Pöllänen
11. Temporality and Everyday (In)Security in the Lives of Separated Refugee Families
Johanna Leinonen and Saara Pellander
Part 3: Enacting Citizenship and Respectable Parenthood
12. Finnish Somali Fathers, Respectability, and Transnational Family Life
13. Migrant Parents Enacting Citizenship in School–Home Collaboration
Marta Padovan-Özdemir and Barbara Noel Day
14. Khanevadehye Mohtaram: Iranian Migrant Parents Struggling for Respectability
15. Newcomer Mothering, Techniques of Citizenship, and Ambiguous Incorporation Regimes
16. Small Agency and Precarious Residency in Afghan Refugee Families
Johanna Hiitola, Kati Turtiainen, and Jaana Vuori
Johanna Hiitola is a Senior Lecturer in Social Work at Tampere University, Finland.
Kati Turtiainen is Senior Lecturer at the Kokkola University Consortium Chydenius, University of Jyväskylä, Finland, and the author of Possibilities of Trust and Recognition between Refugees and Authorities: Resettlement as a Part of Durable Solutions of Forced Migration.
Sabine Gruber is Lecturer in Social Work at Linköping University, Sweden.
Marja Tiilikainen is Senior Researcher at the Migration Institute of Finland and co-editor of Wellbeing of Transnational Muslim Families: Marriage, Law and Gender.