Originally published in 1966. This volume analyzes the general structure of scientific theories, their relation to experience and to non-scientific thought. Part One is concerned with the logic underlying empirical discourse before its subjection to the various constraints, imposed by the logico-mathematical framework of scientific theories upon their content. Part Two is devoted to an examination of this framework and, in particular, to showing that the deductive organization of a field of experience is by that very act a modification of empirical discourse and an idealization of its subject matter. Part Three analyzes the concordance between theories and experience and the relevance of science to moral and religious beliefs.
Table of Contents
- Schemata of Empirical Differentiation. 2 Empirical Classes and Individuals. 3 Logic and Inexactness. 4 Empirical Continuity, Perceptual and Empirical . Predicates. 5 Empirical Generality. 6 Hypothetico-deductive Systems as Idealizations. 7 On the Mathematics of Discrete Individuals and Complexes. 8 On the Mathematics of Infinite Totalities. 9 On Probability and Statistics. 10 Quantitative Theories. 11 Idealization and the Unity of Substantive Theories. 12 The Harmony of Theory and Experience. 13 Mental Phenomena. 14 Choice. 15 On Some Assumptions of Extra-Scientific Thought