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Environmental Impacts of Treated Wood




ISBN 9780849364952
Published June 2, 2006 by CRC Press
520 Pages - 175 B/W Illustrations

 
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Book Description

Due to the extensive use of treated wood products throughout urban and agricultural communities, information concerning the environmental and health risks associated with treated wood is very much in demand. Responding to increasing need for a comprehensive and cohesive source on this topic, Environmental Impacts of Treated Wood compiles the latest information concerning regulations, environmental impact studies, new wood preservative formulations, and state-of-the-art disposal technologies available for minimizing environmental impacts caused by treated wood.

Beginning with a background of the production of the most common treated wood products, this book discusses how chemical leaching and transport of certain wood preservatives affect the environment, particularly chromated copper arsenate. A separate section is devoted to case studies that evaluate possible links with cancer and other health risks with repeated exposure to treated wood. Several chapters discuss ways to measure exposure and review various approaches to risk assessment and management. Because treated wood products last a long time, the book also considers the disposal of treated wood in terms of human and environmental impact. It explores novel disposal technologies and practical strategies for complying with regulatory phase-outs of certain treated wood products within the U.S., Canada, Europe, Australia, and many Asian countries. These include recycling, bioremediation, thermal treatment, and landfills.

Environmental Impacts of Treated Wood provides a timely compilation of perspectives necessary for making informed, conscientious decisions in the production, use, and disposal of treated woods that will minimize the environmental impact and human exposure risks associated with treated wood products today.

Table of Contents

INTRODUCTION AND BACKGROUND
Chromated Copper Arsenate as a Wood Preservative, J.J. Morrell
Nonarsenical Wood Protection: Alternatives for Chromated Copper Arsenate, Creosote and Pentachlorophenol, M.H. Freeman, D.D. Nicholas, and T.P. Schultz
Regulations in the European Union with Emphasis on Germany, Sweden, and Slovenia, M. Humar, R.D. Peek, and J. Jermer
The Production and Management of Wood Treated with Chromated-Copper-Arsenate in Asia and Oceania with Emphasis on Australia, India, Japan, and Korea, T. Hata, L. Cookson, Y.-C. Jang, B. Tarakanadha, Y. Imamura, S.N. Kartal, and T. Shibata

ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS
Study Design Considerations in Evaluating Environmental Impacts, S.T. Lebow, P.A. Cooper, and P.K. Lebow
Leaching of Chromated Copper Arsenate, Alkaline Copper Quaternary and Copper Azole Components from Wood Exposed to Natural Weathering Aboveground and Reaction of Leachates with Soil, S. Stefanovic and P. Cooper
Elemental Speciation and Environmental Importance Associated with Wood Treated with Chromated Copper Arsenate, Y. Cai, H. Solo-Gabriele, T. Townsend, B. Khan, M. Georgiadis, and B. Dubey
Modeling the Leaching of Inorganic Components of Wood Preservatives in Service, L. Waldron, P. Cooper, and T. Ung
The Impact of Wood Treated with Chromated Copper Arsenate on Soil, T. Chirenje and L.Q. Ma
Effects of Wood Treated with Chromated Copper Arsenate on Aquatic Biota, J.S. Weis and P. Weis
Impacts of Wood Preservatives on Settlement and Growth of Fouling Organisms, B. Tarakanadha, J.J. Morrell, and K.S. Rao

ASSESSING AND MANAGING HUMAN HEALTH RISKS
Arsenic Release and Exposure from Lumber Treated with Chromated Copper Arsenate, S.C. Patch and R.P. Maas
Use of the Synthetic Wipe Method for Estimating Dislodgeable Arsenic and Evaluating the Physical Factors That Affect the Levels of Potential Exposure to Children from In-Service Wood Treated with Chromated Copper Arsenate, T. Shibata
Preserved Wood and Cancer Risk: the Incidence of Arsenic-Related Cancers during the Era of Widespread Use of Wood Treated with Chromated Copper Arsenate in the U.S., D.C. West
Children Exposed to Playsets Treated with Chromated Copper Arsenate: A Review of Risk Assessment Approaches, H.G. Ochoa-Acuña and S.M. Roberts
Effect of Coatings on Chromated-Copper-Arsenate Leaching from Wood in a Soil Environment, D.E. Stilwell, C.L. Musante, and B.L. Sawhney
Treated Wood - Managing the Risk, C. Englot

END-OF-LIFE MANAGEMENT AND IMPACTS
Identification of Wood Treated with Waterborne Metal-Based Preservatives, H. Solo-Gabriele, A. Omae, T. Townsend, and D. Hahn
The Reuse of Treated Wood, R. Smith, D. Bailey, D. Alderman, and P. Araman
Recycling of Wood Treated with Chromated Copper Arsenate into Composite Construction Materials, D.P. Kamdem
Recycling of Preservative-Treated Wood Using Chemical Extraction Technologies, T.F. Shupe and C.Y. Hse
Bioremediation of Treated Wood with Bacteria, C.A. Clausen
Bioremediation of Treated Wood with Fungi, B.L. Illman and V.W. Yang
Electrodialytic Remediation of Wood Treated with Chromated Copper Arsenate and Its Residues from Thermal Treatment, I.V. Christensen, L.M. Ottosen, and A.J. Pedersen
Thermal Treatment Technologies for Treated Wood, L. Helsen and E. Van den Bulck
Disposal of Preservative-Treated Wood in Landfills, J. Jambeck, B. Dubey, T. Townsend, and H. Solo-Gabriele
Index

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Reviews

"This book is an excellent reference for anyone with a serious interest in understanding today's environmental problems resulting from the more conventional treated wood products."
Tristan Roberts in Environmental Building News, Volume 15, Number 8