This text presents the fundamentals of criminal investigation and provides a sound method for reconstructing a past event (i.e., a crime), based on three major sources of information — people, records, and physical evidence. Its tried-and-true system for conducting an investigation is updated with the latest techniques available, teaching the reader new ways of obtaining information from people, including mining the social media outlets now used by a broad spectrum of the public; how to navigate the labyrinth of records and files currently available online; and fresh ways of gathering, identifying, and analyzing physical evidence.
Table of Contents
Dedication Acknowledgments Preface SECTION 1 – THE FOUNDATION AND PRINCIPLES OF CRIMINAL INVESTIGATION PART A – SOURCES AND USES OF INFORMATION 1. The Investigator: Responsibilities and Attributes; Origins and Trends 2. Physical Evidence: Development, Interpretation, Investigative Value 3. The Crime Scene: Discovery, Preservation and, Collection, and Transmission of Evidence 4. People as Sources of Investigation PART B – SEEKING AND OBTAINING INFORMATION: PEOPLE AND RECORDS 5. Records and Files: Investigative Uses and Sources 6. Interviews: Obtaining Information From Witnesses 7. Informants: Cultivation and Motivation PART C – FOLLOW-UP MEASURES: REAPING INFORMATION 8. Surveillance: A Fact-finding Tool – Legality and Practice 9. Eyewitness Identification: Guidelines and Procedures 10. Interrogation of Suspects and Hostile Witnesses: Guidelines and Procedures PART D – THE INFLUENCE AND IMPACT OF TECHNOLOGY 11. The Influence of Technology on Crime Investigation 12. Crime Analysis and Coming Attractions in the Investigator’s Toolbox SECTION II – APPLYING THE PRINCIPLES TO CRIMINAL INVESTIGATION 13. Managing Criminal Investigations 14. Reconstructing the Past: Methods, Evidence, Examples 15. Crime and Constitutional Law: The Foundations of Criminal Investigations 16. Evidence and Effective Testimony 17. Homicide 18. Robbery 19. Sex Crimes 20. Burglary 21. Arson and Explosives SECTION III – SPECIAL TOPICS 22. The Global Picture: Increasing Threats and Emerging Crime 23. Terrorism and Urban Disorder 24. Enterprise Crime: Organized, Economic, and White-Collar Crime
James W. Osterburg was long involved in the investigation process, actively engaged in the functions of teaching, research, and public service. For 20 years, Osterburg served as a sworn member of the New York City Police Department (NYPD), where he assisted in the investigation of thousands of serious crimes. He testified in municipal, state, and federal courts on numerous occasions, and taught at the NYPD Police Academy. His academic affiliations include professorships at the University of Illinois at Chicago (Professor Emeritus); Indiana University; the University of California, Berkeley; the Baruch School of Public Administration at the City University of New York; and Sam Houston State University (as Beto Professor of Criminal Justice). A frequent participant in educational symposia, he discussed criminal investigation, criminalistics, fingerprint characteristics, and scientific evidence, and authored books on criminalistics and scientific investigation. His articles were published in a variety of scholarly journals, including the Journal of Criminal Law, Criminology, and Police Science; the Journal of the Forensic Sciences; the Journal of the American Statistical Association; and the Journal of Police Science and Administration. A Fellow and past president of the American Academy of Forensic Sciences, Osterburg served on the ad hoc committee appointed by the Academy president to review the homicide of Robert F. Kennedy and to help resolve the controversy that arose subsequent to the conviction of Sirhan B. Sirhan regarding some of the firearms evidence. Most recently, Osterburg was awarded the 2010 Paul L. Kirk Award, the highest award conferred by the Criminalistics Section of the American Academy of Forensic Sciences (AAFS), and was named a Distinguished Fellow Honoree at the 2012 AAFS conference.
Richard H. Ward is currently Associate Vice President for Research and Special Programs at the University of New Haven. He recently left the position of Dean of the Henry C. Lee College of Criminal Justice and Forensic Sciences there. A former New York City Detective, Dr. Ward is an internationally recognized expert on issues related to criminal investigation and global crime.
"This seventh edition of a text for criminal justice students contains a new section on the use of technology in criminal investigations, with new material on finding info in social media and searching online files and records…The new sub-section on technology covers high-tech and IT crime, as well as legal issues related to getting info from personal and workplace computers, websites, chat rooms, and Internet service providers."-- ProtoView.com, February 2014 "The seventh edition…presents the fundamentals of criminal investigation and provides a sound method for reconstructing a past event based on three major sources of information – people, records and physical evidence…Students and beginning professionals in criminal justice will find new ways of obtaining information from people…Special topics in terrorism, organized crime, and white-collar crime round out this complete guide…"-- The Journal, Fall/Winter 2013 "This seventh edition of a text for criminal justice students contains a new section on the use of technology in criminal investigations, with new material on finding info in social media and searching online files and records…The new sub-section on technology covers high-tech and IT crime, as well as legal issues related to getting info from personal and workplace computers, websites, chat rooms, and Internet service providers."-- Reference & Research Book News, December 2013
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