This conference proceedings brings together the work of researchers and practising engineers concerned with computational modelling of complex concrete, reinforced concrete and prestressed concrete structures in engineering practice. The subjects considered include computational mechanics of concrete and other cementitious materials, including masonry. Advanced discretisation methods and microstructural aspects within multi-field and multi-scale settings are discussed, as well as modelling formulations and constitutive modelling frameworks and novel experimental programmes. The conference also considered the need for reliable, high-quality analysis and design of concrete structures in regard to safety-critical structures, with a view to adopting these in codes of practice or recommendations. The book is of special interest to researchers in computational mechanics, and industry experts in complex nonlinear simulations of concrete structures.
Table of Contents
Foreword -- Section A Computational advances and multiscale concepts -- A Variational Multiscale Model for composites with special emphasis on the X-FEM and level sets /E. Ramm, A. Hund &T. Hettich -- Some constitutive and computational aspects of coupled hydraulic-damage problems for leakage rate predictions of concrete vessels /G. Pijaudier-Cabot, F. Dufour, M. Choinska, A. Krayani, L. Jason & G. Chatzigeorgiou -- Modeling of crack propagation in concrete applying the XFEM /J.L. Asferg, P.N. Poulsen & L.O. Nielsen -- New results in 3D meso-mechanical analysis of concrete specimens using interface elements /A. Caballero, I. Carol & C.M. López -- A new formulation for the computation of inter-element forces and stresses /D. Ciancio, I. Carol & M. Cuomo -- Mesolevel simulation of reinforced concrete structures under impact loadings /G. Cusatis & D. Pelessone -- Size effect on compression fracture of concrete with or without V-notches: a numerical meso-mechanical study /G. Cusatis & Z. Bažant -- Simulation of damage in concrete structures using multiscale models /S. Eckardt & C. Könke -- Impact large deformation processes of geomaterials /T. Erhart,W.A.Wall & E. Ramm -- Coupled finite /discrete elements method to analyze localized impact on reinforced concrete structure /E. Frangin, P. Marin & L. Daudeville -- Multi-scale modelling of quasi-brittle material /I.M. Gitman, H. Askes & L.J. Sluys -- A micro-macro approach for hardened cement paste including damage due to frost /M. Hain & P. Wriggers -- An embedded strong discontinuity model for the numerical simulation of cracking of concrete dams /C. Feist, Y. Theiner & G. Hofstetter -- Modeling material failure in large concrete structures: recent computational developments /S. Blanco, A.E. Huespe, J. Oliver & M.D.G. Pulido -- Modelling of fracture process in brittle materials using a lattice model /J. Kozicki & J. Tejchman -- Fractal analysis of concrete fracture surfaces and numerical modelling of concrete failure /V. Mechtcherine -- Numerical analysis of crack propagation in concrete structures using X-FEM /G. Meschke, P. Dumstorff,W. Fleming & S. Jox -- Simulation of textile reinforced concrete with 2D discrete crack and discrete crack bridges representation /M. Mombartz, J. Hegger, R. Chudoba & F. Peiffer -- Cracking modeling in reinforced concrete via the strong discontinuity approach /D.L. Linero, J. Oliver, A.E. Huespe & M.D.G. Pulido -- Propagation of interacting microcracks results in macroscopic tensile strain-softening of brittle materials – a combined fracture and micromechanics approach /B. Pichler, C. Hellmich & H.A. Mang -- Scaling relations for viscoelastic-cohesive conical indentation – identification of material properties from instrumented indentation /C. Pichler, R. Lackner & F.-J. Ulm -- A sequentially linear saw-tooth model for interface elements /J.G. Rots, S. Invernizzi & B. Belletti -- Explicit modeling of static fracture in reinforced concrete /R.C. Yu & G. Ruiz -- Numerical prediction of crack width in reinforced concrete beams by particle model /K. Tajima & N. Shirai -- Mechanical threshold of cementitious materials at early age /L. Stefan, J.-M. Torrenti & F. Benboudjema -- Simulation of concrete using the extended finite element method /J.F. Unger & C. Könke -- Nanoindentation study on cement pastes containing additives subjected to high temperature /R.Wang & R. Lackner -- Lattice-cell approach to quasibrittle fracture modeling /P. Grassl, Z. Bažant & G. Cusatis -- Particle models for cohesive frictional materials /G.A. D’Addetta, B. Schneider & E. Ramm -- Section B Constitutive modelling -- Bifurcation and size effect in a viscoelastic non-local damageable continuum /Th. Baxevanis, F. Dufour, G. Pijaudier-Cabot & R. Desiassyifayanty -- A generalization of PARC model for the analysis of multiple cracked SFRC elements /B. Belletti, P. Bernardi & R. Cerioni -- Modelling of strain localization in quasi-brittle materials with nonlocal continuum models /J. Bobi´nski & J. Tejchman -- SFRC: a damage model to investigate the high temperature mechanical behaviour /M. Colombo & M. di Prisco -- Simulation of strain-hardening in ECC uniaxial test specimen by use of a damage mechanics formulation /L. Dick-Nielsen, H. Stang & P.N. Poulsen -- Elastoplastic-damage analysis for arch dams considering multiaxial stresses effect /R.Q. Du, G. Lin, F. Leng & L. Cao -- Mesomechanic analysis of time dependent concrete behavior /R. Lorefice, G. Etse, C.M. López & I. Carol -- Finite element computations of rupture with induced anisotropic damage /F. Gatuingt, R. Desmorat & F. Ragueneau -- Parameters identification of a nonlocal continuum damage model /C. Iacono, L.J. Sluys & J.G.M. van Mier -- A smeared crack model of reinforced concrete beam via continuum damage mechanics /X. Jia,W. Song &Y. Yuan -- Detail simulation of R.C. frames under pushover test /Y. Zhou, X. Jia &Y. Yuan -- Nonlocal damage models: displacement-based formulations /M. Jirásek & S. Marfia -- A numerical study of a double-edge notched specimen of concrete under cyclic loading /S. Mertens, J. Vantomme, K. De Proft & J. Carmeliet -- FE analysis of ultra high performance fiber reinforced concrete /W. Pansuk, Y. Sato, R. Shionaga & J.C.Walraven -- On the shape of the deviatoric trace of yield and failure surfaces of geomaterials /K.E. Papanikolopoulos & M. Papadrakakis -- Modelling of dynamic failure of concrete using a viscoelastic viscoplastic damage continuum model /R.R. Pedersen, A. Simone & L.J. Sluys -- Damage modelling of reinforced concrete under multi-axial fatigue loading /T. Pfister, Y.S. Petryna & F. Stangenberg -- On the shape of the saw-tooth softening curves for sequentially linear analysis /J.G. Rots, B. Belletti & S. Invernizzi -- Application of the cohesive crack in cementitious materials modelling /H. Stang, J.F. Olesen, P.N. Poulsen & L. Dick-Nielsen -- Modelling of impact behaviour of concrete – an experimental approach /I. Vegt, R.R. Pedersen, L.J. Sluys & J.Weerheijm -- Experiments on concrete cubes under non-proportional loading in multiaxial compression /H.Walter & K.H. Gerstle -- Unified instability criterion for quasibrittle material in uniaxial tension, direct shear and uniaxial compression subjected to shear failure /X.B.Wang -- Section C Modelling of multiphysics problems -- Numerical methods for multifield durability analyses /D. Kuhl, F. Bangert, C. Becker, S. Krimpmann, E. Rumanus & D. Meschke -- 3D nonlinear basic creep model for aging concrete /J. Bockhold & F. Stangenberg -- Modelling of reinforced concrete structures subjected to fire /J. Cervenka, J. Surovec & P. Kabele -- 3D numerical modeling of damage and fracture due to Alkali-Silica Reaction in concrete structures /I. Comby, F. Bay, P.-O. Bouchard, F. Bernard & E. Garcia-Diaz -- A poroplastic model for hygro-chemo-mechanical damage of concrete /M. Cuomo &A. Nicolosi -- Geometry effects on chloride ingress in RC structures /A. de Boer & J. Gulikers -- Dispersion and internal length scales in strain-softening two-phase media /R. de Borst & M.-A. Abellan -- A meso-scale approach for the modeling of concrete behavior at high temperatures /C. De Sa, F. Benboudjema, K. Duong & J. Sicard -- Finite element analysis of thermal stresses in concrete at early ages /J. Grünberg, M. Kosmahl & J. Böckmann -- Simulation of transport processes in cementitious materials by continuous and discontinuous Galerkin schemes /S. Krimpmann, D. Kuhl & G. Meschke -- Modelling of frost suction in cementious material /J. Kruschwitz & M.J. Sezter -- Generalized modeling and numerical analysis of multiphysics problems – application to chemo-mechanical damage of concrete /D. Kuhl & G. Meschke -- Validation and application of a multi-phase hydration model for the back-analysis of properties of jet-grouted structures /K. Meinhard & R. Lackner -- Coupled modelling of moisture transport and damage in porous materials /P. Moonen, J. Carmeliet & L.J. Sluys -- Modelling of transport processes in concrete at elevated temperatures – an alternative formulation for sorption isotherms /C.J. Pearce, K. Kukla, N. Bi´cani´c & C.T. Davie -- Stable pitting corrosion of steel: a diffusion-controlled dissolution process /S. Scheiner & C. Hellmich -- Modeling of the coupling between moisture and alkali-silica reaction in concrete /J.F. Seignol, T.T. Ngo & F. Toutlemonde -- Assessment of RC bond under severe temperatures /K.Willam, H. Basche, K. Lee &Y. Xi -- A material model for alkali-silica reaction in reinforced concrete /A.Winnicki & S. Pietruszczak -- Section D Modelling of time dependent problems -- Event-by-event strategies for modelling concrete structures /J.G. Rots, S. Invernizzi & B. Belletti -- Nonlinear numerical analyses of cooling tower shells subjected to temperature effects /M. Bender, P. Mark, J. Bockhold & J. Meyer -- Impact on a RC rock-shed slab: FEM modelling /P. Berthet-Rambaud, J. Mazars & L. Daudeville -- Cracking simulation in three medieval masonry towers subjected to different loading conditions /A. Carpinteri, S. Invernizzi & G. Lacidogna -- Simulation of anchor failure by tension or shear load /G. Di Luzio & L. Cedolin -- Rate effects in fracture of concrete and size dependence /J.F. Georgin & J.M. Reynouard -- Numerical simulation of a method to construct double curved reinforced concrete shells without formwork /J. Kollegger & B. Köberl -- Simulation of self-centering, segmentally precast concrete columns for a probabilistic, performance-based assessment /W.K. Lee & S.L. Billington -- Investigations of reinforced concrete girders under biaxial shear using parametric finite element models /P. Mark -- Macro-scale modelling for the seismic analysis: a case study /P. Martinelli & M.G. Mulas -- Some aspects of local and global behaviour of RC structures submitted to earthquake – experiments and modelling /X.H. Nguyen, J. Mazars, P. Kotronis, N. Ile & J.M. Reynouard -- Application of the equal dissipation rate principle to automatic generation of strut-and-tie models /B. Novák & S. Ananiev -- Simplified model of a RC slab impacted by a block /P. Perrotin, F. Delhomme, M. Mommessin & J.-P. Mougin -- Full scale analysis of the Crni Kal Viaduct /M. Pipenbaher & B.S. Bedenik -- Automated design procedure for the optimum reinforcement in plate and shells /R. Popov & J. Kollegger -- Non-linear analysis of reinforced concrete cross-sections by non-linear optimisation /E. Raue -- Performance analysis of bridge cantilever slabs due to vehicle impact /K. Savov & R. Schedler -- Numerical simulation of anchoring systems in concrete /B.Winkler, Y.-J. Li &A. Eckstein -- Structural safety assessment of concrete tunnel shells subjected to fire loading /M. Zeiml, R. Lackner & H.A. Mang -- Rock fall impact analysis of a new design of R.C. rock-shed /Y. Zhang, F. Toutlemonde & P. Lussou -- Section E Modelling of structural performance -- Computational structural reliability – a major challenge and opportunity for concrete and other quasibrittle structures /Z. Bažant & S.-D. Pang -- Advances in retrofit of concrete bridges by a new wedge anchorage for prestressing of CFRP-elements /S.L. Burtscher & J. Kollegger -- Structural behaviour of textile reinforced concrete /U. Häußler-Combe & J. Hartig -- Evaluation of mean performance of cracks bridged by multi-filament yarns /M. Konrad, J. Jeˇrábek, M. Voˇrechovský & R. Chudoba -- Numerical simulation of damage in reinforced concrete slab-column connection /A.Wosatko, J. Pamin, A.Winnicki, R. Putanowicz & M.A. Polak -- Spatial variability of material properties in nonlinear computer simulation /R. Pukl, M. Jansta, J. Cˇervenka, M. Vorˇechovský, D. Novák & R. Rusina -- Inverse statistical nonlinear FEM analysis of concrete structures /A. Strauss, K. Bergmeister, D. Lehký & D. Novák -- Size effect in concrete specimens under tension: interplay of sources /M. Voˇrechovský & D. Matesová -- Optimization of CFRP strengthening of precracked structures using genetic algorithms /X.-S. Yang, J.M. Lees & C.T. Morley -- Minimum reinforcement for ductile response of LRC beams using a simple GA /R.C. Yu & G. Ruiz -- Author index.