With the rapid growth of the nanotechnology industry, the need to understand the biological effects of aerosol exposure has become increasingly important. Featuring contributions by leading experts in the field, Aerosols Handbook: Measurement, Dosimetry, and Health Effects, Second Edition offers an up-to-date overview of many aspects of aerosols, from properties to health effects and epidemiology.
Covering indoor, outdoor, industrial, medical, pharmaceutical, and radioactive aerosols, this book explores aerosol dosimetry by defining terms such as exposure and dose. In addition, it looks at nanometer particles, the mechanism of aerosol deposition in the lungs, and modeling deposition with a corresponding uncertainty in risk assessment. The text also emphasizes the importance of accurate aerosol measurements, particularly breathing zone exposure assessments.
Examining radioactive aerosols, the book discusses lessons learned from nuclear accidents, radon and thoron, and long-lived radionuclides in the environment. It brings together research on both radioactive and nonradioactive aerosols, supplying readers with a more complete view of how aerosols behave in the lungs.
New in This Edition
- Five new chapters that address the safety of nanomaterials, dealing with nanoparticle cell penetration, high aspect ratio nanomaterials, nanoaerosols in drug delivery, risk assessment, and health effects
- New chapters on atmospheric pollution related to climate change, chemical analyses of particle filter deposits, and classical nucleation theory
- New data on measurement, dosimetry, and health effects
Updated throughout, this second edition continues to be an essential resource for those who study exposure, dosages, and toxicity to develop treatments for exposure, reduce air pollution, and establish better safety regulat
Table of Contents
Medical and Pharmaceutical Aerosols. Breathing Zone Exposure Assessment. Mechanisms of Particle Deposition. Aerosol Dose. Modeling Deposition of Inhaled Particles. Aerosol Chemistry and Physics: An Indoor Perspective. Chemical Analyses of Particle Filter Deposits. Health Effects of Ambient Ultrafine Particles. Nanoparticle Cell Penetration. High Aspect Ratio Nanomaterials: Characterization and Toxicology. Research and Development of a New Safe Form of Drugs. Bioaerosols. Atmospheric Pollution Related to Climate Change. Health Effects of Metals in Ambient Air Particular Matter. Radioactive Aerosols. Unattached Fraction of Radon Progeny as an Experimental Tool in the Assessment of the Risk of Nanoparticles. Filtration and Sampling of Aerosols by Fibrous Filters. Radioactive Aerosols of Chernobyl Accident. Classical Nucleation Theory: Account of Dependence of the Surface Tension on Curvature and Translation-Rotation Correction Factor. Radioactive Aerosol Standards. Radon and Thoron in the Environment: Concentrations and Lung Cancer Risk. Inhalation of the Long-Lived Radionuclides Uranium, Thorium, and Fallout Plutonium in the Atmosphere. Health Effects of Aerosols: Mechanisms and Epidemiology. Index.
Lev S. Ruzer has been a researcher in the Indoor Environment Department, Environmental Energy Technologies Division, at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory since 1989. He has published more than 130 papers, two books as an editor (in English), and three books as an author (one in English and two in Russian). He also holds three patents. Under his supervision as the founder and chairman of Aerosol Laboratory at the Institute of Physico-Technical and Radiotechnical Measurements in Moscow, the set of installations for generating and measuring different types of aerosols was certified as a State Standard of Aerosols in the USSR.
Naomi H. Harleyis a professor in the Department of Environmental Medicine at New York University. Dr. Harley was elected a council member to the National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements (NCRP) in 1982 and was made an honorary member in 2000. She is an advisor to the United Nations Scientific Committee on the Effects of Atomic Radiation (UNSCEAR). Dr. Harley has authored over 150 journal publications and six book chapters, and has four patents for radiation detection instrumentation. The most recent patent, issued in 2004, was for a miniature passive radon and thoron detector.